Monday, 9 July 2018

Downstream | Innovation

Refinery and Petrochemicals technology innovations are aimed to
  • maximize efficiency;
  • minimize utilities consumption;
  • improve the environmental quality or finished products;
  • maximize yeilds on higher added valued products;
  • process unconventional crudes;
  • use remote natural gas and bio-fuels.
 1. Innovation in Refinery
The objective is to increase flexibility and efficiency of refining cycles, to process unconventional crudes and  to produce fuels, biofules, high performance lubricants, with minimal environmental impact.
Below, a short description of the main efforts in the downstream R&D and Innovations.

1.1 Advanced control and analysis technologies

Advanced control and analysis technologies are necessaries for ensuring the optimization of operations and of blend of products. Refineries, in fact, have to be able to
  • control and manage optimally their process units
  • obtain products exactly as specified (no fire-away) at the minimum costs.
At this aim operating systems are yet developed, based on very complex and sophisticated models, which allow to manage automatically units or even several units connected among them.
The use of  retails of microcomputers connected with a central processor allows to reach very high safety and efficiency in the plants operations.
These systems need sensors which measure continuously both quantitative (temperature, pressure, flows, levels..) and qualitative parameters (gravity, TBP, chemical composition…).
In this contest, companies are developing and implementing many applications for characterizing components, based on near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR). This technology is a spectroscopic method which uses the near-infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum (from about 800 nm to 2500 nm) and which satisfies relevant requirements. It:
  • is cost-effective;
  • is rapid;
  • minimize analyzer maintenance;
  • increases blending operations throughput.

 1.2 Fuel specifications

The refining industry faces considerable challenges, in accordance with the European Union’s environmental regulations on petrol and diesel quality.
General goals are to:
  • Minimize sulphur content on gasolines, gasoils and heavy fuel oil;
  • Reduce aromatic components in gasolines and in gasolis.
These goals could be reached through several technologies, the majority of which based on high pressure hydrogenation processes (desulphurization, hydrocracking, mild hydrocracking).
The R&D objective is the improvement in catalyst which has to be cheaper, with better performance and capability.
The improvements have also to reduce investment and operations costs.
The technological  frontier is to produce very high quality gasoil ( tendentially without aromatics) from synthesis gas through the Fisher Tropsch reaction.
A few processes have been developed  based on cobalt catalysts which allows to use as feed-stocke natural gas. At moment only Shell have realized industrial unit.

 1.3 Heavy oil production and upgrading

The aim to upgrade as much as possible heavy oil into distillates is traditionally the main one or refinery.
In the same time the intent is to produce both distillates and not upgraded residue at minimum content of sulphur.
Upgrading of heavy distillates through FCC and HDC and of residue through thermal processes like as visbreacking, thermal cracking and delayed cocking are yet conventional technologies.
The innovation of  technology is now focused to heavy residue catalytic conversion in high pressure of hydrogen (deep conversion).
In this technologies group the frontier are the processes based on catalysts in slurry phase.
A nike technology is Coke calcination that in fact it is more a metallurgical process than a refining process.
It is a process whereby green or raw petroleum coke is thermally upgraded to:
  • Remove associated moisture and volatile combustion materials
  • Improve critical physical properties like electrical conductivity, real density, oxidation characteristics.
The feedstock, “Green Cock”, is a by-product of the coker process in oil refineries.
Immagine11
Coke Calcining Scheme

1.4 Additives

The development of new lubricants and fuels require the use of additives which have to be increasingly advanced and competitive with the continuous market demands related to higher performance, cost-efficiency and environmental value of the products. Dispersants and detergents are respectively the main elements of lubricant and fuel packages.
The innovation in this context is aimed to realize a flexible technology for the production of additives which allow products to be exploited for different uses in both fuel and lubricants by changing operating conditions or characteristics of the reagents.
Detergent structures for fuels have been identified which can prevent the formation of deposits from combustion or allow the removal of those already formed.
Eni has developed a dispersant for lubricants called “PIBSI” (Polyisobutylene-succinimide) used for the formulation of the new Eni Sint lubricants. The potential offered by PIBSI, the internally developed know-how, and the results obtained so far have led to evaluate the construction of a plant producing 6,000 ton/year of dispersants at an Eni site.

 1.5 Lubricants

In the automotive sector, research has long been focused towards
  • the reduction of CO2 and pollutant emissions;
  • the optimization of fuel economy;
  • the reduction of the impact of the lubricants on the exhaust gas treatment systems with reduced content of ash, phosphorus and sulphur.

  • Shell

Shell has developed a new catalyst to be used in its heavy oil/bitumen catalytic conversion process (Hycon) which provides rapid and efficient reactions of the heavy oil coming from tar sands processed in Canada. It can upgrade up to 35% more than the catalyst used up to a few years ago. Moreover Shell developed a new GTL technology (based on Fischer Tropsch reaction) to produce high quality gasoil from natural gas and commercialized a new top quality gasoil with the brand of V Power.
In Canada’s oil sands, Shell replaced naptha with a paraffin-based solvent that removes more water, fine solids and heavy carbon from the froth. The payoff is an increased volume: for every 100 barrels of bitumen, upgrading yields about 103 barrels of synthetic crude, a 21% gain over a traditional coking process.
Shell developed new wastewater treatment technology. Almost 90% of liquid and solid waste is recycled or re-used for power generation in its Nanhai petrochemicals plant.

  • Eni

Eni has established an integrated research programme called Sulphur and H2S Management in E&P Operations which aims is the storage of sulphur with cheaper technologies and low environmental impact through
  • sulphur box confinement;
  • the permanent elimination of sulphur by re-injection in slurry phase.
Eni developed the Eni Slurry Technology (EST), a highly innovative technology for very advanced conversion of heavy oils/bitumens  in high-quality light products (distillates), so eliminating the production of heavy oil in refineries.
This process may represent the optimal solution for upgrade traditional crudes but also to upgrade unconventional sources such as the ultra-heavy crudes and the bitumen from tar sands. This last point could play in the next few years an important role.
ENI‘s Integrated Research Programme Clean Diesel Fuel aims to identify optimum formulations for diesel fuel that can improve engine performance and significantly reduce the emission of particulates, using GTL Fischer-Tropsch as a benchmark.
The new lubricants (the Sint Evolution line) developed by Eni’s Refining & Marketing Division as well as matching the performance requirements of a wide range of customers, also have a “more sustainable” environmental impact than the market average.

  • British Petroelum

BP Downstream Research program’s aim is to develop tools that will help refiners understand how feedstocks have to be optimally processes in the refinery before they are purchased or processed helping refiners maximize value and to reduce maintenance risks while the feedstocks will be subsequently processed.

2. Innovation in Petrochemical

Researches carried out in this sector are mainly focused on increase the flexibility of technologies to ensure production continuity using different feedstocks, both fossil or from renewable sources, improve chemical and energy efficiency, to reduce environmental impact.
The main activities are:

1) New technologies for the production of high performance elastomer

Companies are exploring new solutions in the fields of elastomers for car tires in line with the strict European standards. One of the these innovative solutions consists on the use of oils of vegetable origin, with low environmental impact and high performance. The oils can be used as rubber extender oils.

2) High-performance styrenic polymers from new production processes

The challenge is the production of compact polystyrene resins used for packaging, coating and household items, which replaces the traditional ones in aqueous suspensions. This process, in fact, is performed without the addition of water which must be separated after the reaction section.

3) High-performance polyethylene from catalytic or radical processes

The objective is the improvement of  processes efficiency and the development of products with high added value, like:
  • Ethylene vinyl acetate EVA;
  • Linear polyethylene LLDPE;
  • Catalysts for homo and co-olymerizations of ethylene/alpha olefins.

4) New catalytic processes for the production of olefins and intermediates

The main challenge is to ensure the availability of monomers (benzene, butadiene, ethylene) that cover the needs of downstream sector. The aim is:
  • Defining new processes that can integrate the current production and which follow the evolution of the market;
  • Containing costs and improving the efficiency of the plants;
  • Patenting new products/processing.

5) Green chemistry

The objective is the development of a production chain from biomass feedstocks.
The priority targets of the companies researches are:
  • Vegetable oils with high compatibility with elastomers for the tire industry;
  • New processes and transformation of sugar into fatty acids;
  • New biofillers for the paper industry;
  • Production of natural rubber extracted from alternative plants;
  • New high performance lubricating bases containing oil from renewable sources.

Friday, 6 July 2018

5 biggest risks faced by oil and gas companies


Thursday, 5 July 2018

#Environmental Impacts of the #Oil and #Gas Industries

Know about the #Environmental Impacts of the #Oil and #Gas Industries at #Oil_Gas_2018 Conference, which is going to held at #Singapore on #September 12-13, 2018. 
Environmental Effects of Oil and Gas Production: #Exploration #Drilling
#Production #Monitoring #Decommissioning #Accidental Events
For more details visit: https://oil-gas.pulsusconference.com/call-for-abstracts

Oil Gas 2018 in collaborator with "The Society of Petroleum Resource Economists"

#Oil_Gas 2018 in #collaboration with #SPER Organization conducting a Worlds leading #Petroleum event "International_Conference on Oil and Gas" which is going to held at #Singapore on #September 12-13, 2018. Only few #Speaker and #Delegate slots are available!!!! Book your #slot by submitting #abstract through following link: https://lnkd.in/fASe7tu For more details visit: https://lnkd.in/fVUrvbN

Wednesday, 4 July 2018

New Technologies for #Upstream Oil & Gas can Boost #Production Performance by up to 5%

To know latest innovations in the #Upstream Technology be part of the "International Conference on Oil and Gas" which is going to held at #Singapore on #September 12-13, 2018
Oil and gas companies require access to right data at the right time to ensure full safety of their people and assets, while also getting more out of upstream production efforts. Integrating and synthesizing the multiple layers of data collected, therefore, is vital to making safe, productive and knowledgeable decisions.  
Learn how to do all this and more with Honeywell's Executive Guide to Digital Intelligence for Oil & Gas and discover a new level of performance and production improvements of up to 5%. 


Honeywell’s Digital Suites for Oil and Gas is a set of software suites that capture, manage and analyze the right production data to help producers make the right decisions at the right time. This combination of software and services can help oil and gas producers boost production performance by up to 5% while improving operational safety. The production improvements, which have been validated through user testing, are driven by a combination of better productivity, higher uptime and more efficient remote operations, and can produce a return on investment in as little as six months.

Digital Suites for Oil Gas are fully integrated, but each suite is also available separately, letting users address the specific issues they face. The six suites are:  
  • Operational Data
  • Process Safety
  • Production Surveillance
  • Equipment Effectiveness 
  • Production Excellence
  • Operational Performance 
A new common dashboard integrates information from each of the suite applications and provides a single, convenient launch environment. This helps save significant time and money for the projects and leads to a faster return on investment. Honeywell’s global consulting practice and project expertise ensures the right technology is implemented on time and on budget, helping avoid project risk and overruns.

Digital Suites for Oil and Gas improve efficiency in production and operational safety, while also enabling:   
  • Reduction in actual risk and compliance to regulations 
  • Higher uptime with fewer unplanned shutdowns and more reliable processing
  • Lesser production cost and higher oil recovery 
  • Faster incident correction and improved insight into operations and collaboration
For more details visit: https://oil-gas.pulsusconference.com/call-for-abstracts

Tuesday, 3 July 2018

Digital Technology in Oil Production and Refining

Digital technologies have been used in oil and gas exploration and production, as well as in refining, for many years. The amount of data harvested is growing exponentially and is now fundamentally transforming industrial processes and the way we work.



Sensors:

Digital analysis techniques have been used for many years in the exploration of oil and gas deposits, particularly through seismic reflection surveys (See Close-Up "Locating a Potential Oil or Gas Deposit")These techniques have made it possible to obtain 2D, then 3D and now 4D (or time lapse) images of potential deposits. After drilling, additional measurements are taken using sensors that are lowered into the wells to assess pressure, temperature and the properties of the rocks. These methods are known as logging.

Predictive Maintenance: 

Sensors are increasingly used throughout industry and particularly in refining. They are connected to machines and continuously record operating data under normal conditions. When analyzed, this data allows operators to detect weak signals, making it possible to anticipate problems before they become worse. This is what is known as predictive maintenance.

Thanks to significant progress in transmitting this data at high speeds, processing can now be centralized and carried remotely in control centers, known as smart rooms. This method is extremely useful for refineries, which cover several square kilometers.


Mobile work 

Digitization is likely to transform working conditions in the coming years. Gradually, all installations are being modeled in 3D with all the related technical documentation. When an operator works on a part, he or she can first work on the digital model and remotely consult the control room. A limiting factor in the oil and gas industry is that the materials used must meet anti-explosive standards, which sometimes means they lag behind devices used in everyday life.
For more details visit: https://oil-gas.pulsusconference.com/call-for-abstracts